Analisis Kebutuhan Desain Pengembangan Model IPA Berbasis Project Based Learning Untuk Meningkatkan Berpikir Kritis Siswa di Sekolah Dasar

Sulistyani Puteri Ramadhani, Zulela MS, Fahrurrozi Fahrurrozi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v5i4.1047

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Abstract


Kemampuan berpikir pada tingkat yang paling tinggi merupakan kemampuan menciptakan sesuatu. Guru sebagai pendidik sangat berperan penting dalam hal ini. Salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan untuk mewujudkannya yaitu dengan mengembangkan desain pembelajaran agar terciptanya pembelajaran yang efektif dan efisien dengan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Desain pembelajaran yang dikembangkan oleh guru dirancang dengan mengimplementasikan model dalam pelaksanaan proses pembelejaran. Model pembelajaran yang dirancang untuk difokuskan agar terciptanya pembelajaran yang efektif dan efisien khususnya pada kegiatan pembelajaran yang menggunakan media dan evaluasi. Hasil Penelitian ini menunjukkan kebutuhan sumber belajar yang diperlukan 62,5% menjawab media pembelajaran digital. Sesuai kebutuhan siswa lebih suka pada proses pembelajaran IPA melalui video gambar dan suara sekitar 91,7%. Pemahaman konsep berpikir siswa dalam memahami IPA 52,4 % cukup memuaskan. Selain mengembangkan desain pembelajaran dengan implementasi model IPA berbasis project based learning dalam berpikir kritis siswa dalam proses pembelajaran, guru juga menggunakan konsep pembelajaran project. Selain itu, juga membantu guru dalam melakukan evaluasi terhadap proses pembelajran yang telah dilaksanakan.

Keywords


desain model, pembelajaran ; analisis kebutuhan; ipa; sekolah dasar

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