Peningkatan Creative Thinking melalui Creative Problem-Solving Berorientasi Multiple Intelligence: Kajian pada Bidang Matematika Sekolah Dasar

Afib Rulyansah, Ratih Asmarani, Pance Mariati

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v6i1.1925

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Abstract


Model Creative Problem-Solving telah banyak diterapkan untuk upaya meningkatkan Creative Thinking, namun penerapan ini belum mempertimbangkan kecerdasan majemuk siswa. Riset ini bertujuan untuk meningktkan Creative Thinking melalui model Creative Problem-Solving berorientasi Multiple Intelligences pada bidang studi matematika sekolah dasar pedesaan. Classroom Action Research merupakan pendekatan riset yang digunakan. Dua puluh tiga siswa kelas 4 sekolah dasar pedesaan di Kabupaten Probolinggo dilibatkan pada riset ini. Pengamatan, interviu, dokumentasi, dan tes tulis dilakukan untuk pengumpulan data riset. Analisis data dilakukan secara kualitatif dan kuantitati. Riset ini menyumbangkan dampak yang bagus bagi siswa dan guru. Kecakapan berpikir kreatif siswa terus meningkat secara konsisten. Peningkatan besar terjadi pertemuan awal siklus 2, yaitu 142 poin pada nilai total dan 0,34 poin pada nilai rata-rata. Untuk pertemuan lain, peningkatan dapat dikatakan konsisten yaitu antara 53-81 poin pada nilai rata-rata dan 0,13-0,20 poin pada nilai rata-rata. Hasil riset ini menunjukkan peningkatan yang konsisten terkait kompetensi guru dalam mengajar. Peningkatan tertinggi terjadi siklus 1 pertemuan kedua, yaitu 5 poin pada nilai total dan 0,20 poin pada nilai rata-rata. Untuk pertemuan lain, peningkatan dapat dikatakan konsisten yaitu antara 2-3 poin pada nilai rata-rata dan 0,12-0,14 poin pada nilai rata-rata.


Keywords


creative thinking; creative problem-solving; multiple intelligences; matematika; sekolah dasar

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References


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