Kemampuan Guru Junior dalam Mengajarkan Proses Berpikir untuk Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Sederhana: Studi pada Guru Matematika Sekolah Dasar

Afib Rulyansah, Ratih Asmarani, Pance Mariati, Novia Dwi Rahmawati

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v6i1.1941

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Abstract


Riset deskriptif kualitatif ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kemampuan guru dalam melatih siswa untuk menuliskan proses berpikir dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita matematika yang sederhana. Lima belas guru matematika junior yang tergabung dalam grup WhatsApp dilibatkan pada riset ini. Data diperoleh dengan memanfaatkan tes tulis dan wawancara yang hasilnya dianalisis menggunakan pendekatan content analysis. Kemampuan guru junior dikategorikan menjadi 3 level, yaitu 4 guru berpengetahuan matematika tingkat lanjut, 8 guru berpengetahuan matematika sangat memadai, dan 3 guru berpengetahuan matematika cukup memadai. Dari semua guru junior yang terlihat, tidak satupun dari mereka memunculkan proses berpikir secara tertulis pada proses penyelesaian soal cerita. Mereka lebih fokus pada kebenaran hasil akhir. Pertimbangan ini dilakukan oleh guru karena (1) kelulusan pada ujian akhir tidak dilihat dari proses berpikir tertulis, tetapi pada kebenaran hasil akhir, dan (2) kurikulum yang diberikan pemerintah tidak mendorong guru untuk menuntut siswa menuliskan proses berpikirnya. Peneliti selanjutnya dapat berinovasi dalam mendesain soal dan rubrik penilaian yang mempertimbangkan proses berpikir pada penyelesaian soal, baik untuk matematika atau bidang studi lain.


Keywords


kemampuan guru; proses berpikir; soal cerita; matematika; sekolah dasar

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