Problem-Based Learning Model to Increase Students’ Critical Thinking

Dian Permatasari Kusuma Dayu, Cerianing Putri Pratiwi, Pratiwi Rahmah Hakim


Article Metrics

Abstract Views : 124 times
PDF Downloaded : 73 times


This study aims to describe the application of problem-based learning (PBL) models to the critical thinking skills of 5th graders at Elementary School. The method used in this research is classroom action research. In this study, there are two data, namely verbal data and nonverbal data. The research subjects were elementary school students in grade 5 in the city of Madiun. The collecting data using observation techniques, interviews and tests. The instrument in this study used a questionnaire and a test. The data analysis technique in this research is quantitative and qualitative data analysis. Qualitative data analysis uses questionnaire data and observation, while quantitative data uses test results. The results of this study indicate an increase in students' critical thinking skills in thematic learning from cycle 1 and cycle 2. An increase in students' critical thinking skills in cycle I is 30%, students who pass the Minimum Completeness Criteria, and 60% of the second cycle in each cycle. The more students experience an increase in their critical thinking skills.


cal thinking skills, Problem-based learning, Thematic learning.

Full Text:



Aisyah. (2019). Jurnal basicedu. Jurnal basicedu, 3(2), 524–532.

Ansari, M. T., Rahman, S. A., Badgujar, V. B., Sami, F., & Abdullah, M. S. (2015). Problem Based Learning (PBL): A Novel and Effective Tool of Teaching and Learning. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 49(4), 258–265.

Arensd. (2019). Secara khusus, berikut ini sintaks (tahapan) Problem Based Learning (PBL). Eka Cahya Prima, Ida Kaniawati, 35(1), 33–41.

Aydin, Y. (2014). The Effects of Problem Based Approach on Student’s Conceptual Understanding in a University Mathematics Classroom. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 152(September 2013), 704–707.

Azis, A., Rusli, M. A., & Yusuf, A. M. (2016). Critical Thinking Skill of Student Through Top Down Approach in Physics Learning, (October), 3–4.

Brata, D. P. N., & Mahatmaharti, A. K. (2020). The implementation of Problem Based Learning (PBL) to develop student’s soft-skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1464(1).

Buheji, M., & Buheji, A. (2020). Characteristics of ‘Problem-Based Learning’ in Post-COVID-19 Workplace. Human Resource Management Research, 10(2), 33–39.

Fetra Bonita Sari, Risda Amini, M. (2020). Jurnal basicedu. Jurnal basicedu, 3(2), 524–532. Diambil dari

Hairuddin, N. H., Machmoed, H. A., & Jubhari, R. R. (2018). the Use of Problem Based Learning ( Pbl ) Method. cope of English LanguageTeaching, Literature and Linguistics, 1(1), 1–9.

Hussin, W. N. T. W., Harun, J., & Shukor, N. A. (2018). Problem Based Learning to Enhance Students Critical Thinking Skill via Online Tools. Asian Social Science, 15(1), 14.

Jarrar, H. (2020). Impact of Implementing STEM PBL Approach on Elementary Students’ Science Academic Achievement in Sharjah, (January). Diambil dari

Lestari, D. D., Ansori, I., & Karyadi, B. (2017). Penerapan Model Pbm Untuk Meningkatkan Kinerja Dan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Sma. Diklabio: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Biologi, 1(1), 45–53.

Lile, R., & Kelemen, G. (2014). Results of Researches on Strategies of Teaching/Learning/Assessment Based on Interactive Learning Methods. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 163, 120–124.

Nazir Md. Zabit, M., Zubeidah Zachariah, T., Abdullah, N., Mohamed Noh, N., Hasnida Che Md Ghazali, N., & Ahmad, H. (2020). The Development and Validation of an Integrated Learning Method Based on Problem-Based Learning in a Pedagogy, Technology and Assessment Course at Malaysia Public Universities. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 10(2), 142–150.

Noprianda, M., Noor, M. F., & Zulfiani, Z. (2019). Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning Dan Sains Teknologi Masyarakat Pada Konsep Virus. Edusains, 8(2), 182–191.

Septiyowati, T., & Prasetyo, T. (2021). Efektivitas Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning Dan Discovery Learning Terhadap Kecakapan Berfikir Kritis Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Journal Basicedu, 5(3), 1231–1240.

Utami, B., Saputro, S., Ashadi, A., Masykuri, M., Probosari, R. M., & Sutanto, A. (2018). Students’ critical thinking skills profile: constructing best strategy in teaching chemistry. IJPTE : International Journal of Pedagogy and Teacher Education, 2(January), 63.

Wiyaka, W., Prastikawati, E. F., & Kusumo Adi, A. P. (2020). Higher-Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)-based Formative Assessment: A Proposed Model for Language Learning Assessment. Vision: Journal for Language and Foreign Language Learning, 9(2), 115.

Wulandari, F. E., & Shofiyah, N. (2018). Problem-based learning: Effects on student’s scientific reasoning skills in science. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1006(1).

Yuliati, S. R., & Lestari, I. (2018). Higher-Order Thinking Skills (Hots) Analysis of Students in Solving Hots Question in Higher Education. Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan, 32(2), 181–188.

Altmetric Dimensions


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Dian Permatasari Kusuma Dayu, Cerianing putri Pratiwi, Pratiwi Rahmah Hakim

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.